Friday, July 25, 2008

New Home Mortgage : How Your Credit Score Affects Your Loan

A credit score is a representative number calculated by each of the credit bureaus, including the three major bureaus that purport to show potential lenders how good or poor a risk you are. When you apply for a new home mortgage, the credit score will affect your ability to obtain a loan.

Ability to obtain a loan

The first indication that there may be a problem with your credit score might be when you try to obtain a new home mortgage and are unable to find a lender that will talk to you. Actually, most people, even those with a really low credit score will be able to find a loan of some sort to purchase their home. It just may cost a lot more in interest rates than you had planned. If you can obtain a loan, it may take more justification and documentation than would be required with a good credit score.

Which lender to select

If your credit score is too low, you may not be able to get a new home mortgage with your lender of choice. The difficulty with having to switch to another lender is that you need to document your second try just as thoroughly as your first effort. In the meantime, because of the reviews on your credit bureau report, your score may actually drop, particularly if the report that the first lender denied you credit before the second lender is approved hits the report. The extra time to document your information for the lender can be one of the most discouraging parts of applying for a mortgage loan.

Loan term

The length of time that you will set in order to complete repayment of your new home mortgage loan will be affected by your credit score. This factor is probably of less significance than some of the others, but still must be taken into consideration. The direct impact is caused when a low credit score causes the requirement of higher interest rate. This may make the payment too high for the borrower if the shorter term loan is selected. So, the borrower ends up paying more interest over a longer loan term just to keep the payment within manageable levels.

Loan rate

The new home mortgage loan will almost certainly be impacted by the credit score of the borrower. Generally, the lower the score, the higher the interest rate. If the score is too low, the borrower may not be able to obtain a conventional home mortgage at all. Conversely, better terms will be available to the borrower who has high credit scores. It is important to know your credit score and make certain that the reports by the major credit bureaus are cleaned up and accurate.

Type of loan

Another way in which the level of your credit score affects the new home mortgage loan you can obtain is in the type of loan that is available. The major types of loans that are available include adjustable rate mortgage, fixed rate mortgage and balloon payment type mortgages--usually paired with ARMs. Again, sometimes lenders will steer the borrower to an adjustable rate mortgage so that increasing interest rates will be borne at least in part by the borrower rather than the lender. The borrower should avoid getting into a loan that results in negative equity in the property.

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Thursday, July 17, 2008

Home Loan Rate : Facts You Should Know About Adjustable Rate Mortgage

An adjustable rate mortgage makes a different in the amount of the home loan rate that you qualify for in purchasing a house and obtaining a mortgage loan. The adjustable rate mortgage or ARM allows for lower monthly payments initially.


An ARM or adjustable rate mortgage is a type of mortgage loan where the home loan rate fluctuates periodically depending on any of an index measurements. Common indexes used include Prime rate plus x, LIBOR (London Interbank offered rate) or other index, including one developed by the lender. This causes the payment amount to vary or the term of the loan to vary to cover the increased (or sometimes decreased) amounts owed. Adjustable rate mortgages have the effect of transferring part of the risk of making the loan from the lender to the borrower. The rates of ARMs usually start lower, but can increase at a much faster rate than the borrower is prepared to cover.


In times of expanding earnings and economy, adjustable rate mortgages are a good deal for the borrower, because it allows them to get a larger loan than they would have been able to afford otherwise. The home loan rate starts out at a lower level and then increases (usually) after a waiting period to keep pace with increasing interest rates. The ease of obtaining an adjustable rate mortgage and the lower payments in the beginning are two major advantages of this type of loan. If the borrower's income increases over time, the ARM is the ideal way to get started with home ownership.


The major disadvantage of obtaining a mortgage with a home loan rate that is tied to an outside index is that in most instances, the rates increase over time. If the borrower has obtained a loan with payments at the top end of the borrowing capability, and the interest rates on the loan rise dramatically, the borrower may find that pay raises or earning capacity have not increased as rapidly as the payments on the mortgage loan. It can be very easy to find oneself in a foreclosure mode when this happens.

Prime rate

The prime rate, or the rate at which the best banks can borrow money is one of the favorite indexes used to calculate the home loan rate. For instance, the mortgage loan may be listed as prime rate plus two percent. If the mortgage loan is an adjustable rate mortgage, the loan may be structured to start at prime rate plus two percent. If the prime rate increases by one quarter percent, the loan can be increased over time to cost the extra one quarter percent. Usually, the amount cannot be increased more than so many times in a time period. There is also usually a top limit to growth for the loan payment.

How are they obtained?

Any mortgage lender can agree to lend the borrower money using an adjustable rate mortgage. In fact, lenders approve of such loans since they remove part of the risk of lending money from the lender and place it upon the borrower. When the home loan rate increases to the lender, it can in turn be passed on to the borrower. Personal financial advisors often suggest that adjustable rate mortgage are something to be very sure you understand what you are getting and what can go wrong.

Choosing a home loan rate is easy, understanding what it is and what your options for obtaining a good rate is something entirely different. Check out a good web site for the best resources on the internet. Click here at Home Loan Rate or Home Loan to learn more.

Thursday, July 10, 2008

Home Loan Rate : What Can You Afford?

The question of what a home is worth versus what you can afford is one that can best be answered by reviewing some of the factors that go into the determination of what size of a home loan rate will best fit within your budget.

Amortization Schedule

The amortization schedule is typically a part of the loan documents package that you will receive when you sign the papers on your loan. The home loan rate amortization scheduled tells you each payment period what the amount of your total payment is and what portion of the payment goes toward principal and what portion is retained to pay the monthly interest. Each month, if the payment is monthly, the amount of the payment going toward the interest is smaller and the amount going to pay against the principal is larger. If you pay extra against the principal, the results are even more noticeable.

Income to Debt ratio

Another factor that helps you to know what you can afford is a measurement by the mortgage company when preparing the amount of your home loan rate. This is your income to debt ratio. Credit bureaus often include this figure in their report to the lender. The calculation to determine whether or not you qualify for one of the best rate loans depends on factors such as the income to debt ratio. In recent years, the debt to available credit has been used more widely to measure affordability of the mortgage loan.

Credit capability

The amount you can afford on your home loan rate is certainly driven by the credit history and capability of the prospective borrowers. The person with a high credit score can qualify for a better deal on the loan terms than one with a low or non-existent score. Even with a very good score from the credit bureaus, you should not over extend the size of the loan which you negotiate. By taking on too much debt, you can place yourself in a position where you are only a few days and a weekly paycheck away from being in trouble financially and those type of stressors are not healthy.

Market Value

The market value of the house you purchase is essentially whatever you are prepared to pay for the property. Your home loan rate doesn't depend directly on the market value, but indirectly is a factor in determining whether you can afford a specific loan and the terms associated with it. Sometimes the market value is based on what neighborhood properties that are similar in design are selling for. A real estate buyer's agent can help you to determine what the market value of a particular property would be.

Assessed value

The assessed value of the home doesn't have a direct bearing on whether you can afford the home loan rate of a specific piece of property, but it does make a difference indirectly. When the county tax assessor looks at the value of the house, it is known as the assessed value of the property. The assessed value is typically quite different than the market value of the property. The assessed value is driven by such things as the value of other houses in the neighborhood, and what the market price of the previous property sale was pegged at.

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Thursday, July 3, 2008

Home Loan Rate : What Are The Variables That Affect The Rate

There are many factors that determine the home loan rate that you will be charged on a new or refinancing mortgage loan. Knowing and understanding how each of the variables affect the interest rate will help you to make the best choice of loan.

Type of loan

The type of loan that you select has a significant impact on the home loan rate. A variable rate loan may start out at a low rate and quickly escalate to a much higher rate. In fact, this is one of the major reasons why homeowners find themselves in trouble when they purchase a home with monthly payments that are at the limit of their personal affordability and then the payments increase because the interest rates increase. A fixed interest rate may cost slightly more than a variable loan to begin with, but you know what the rate will be in two years.


The economy of the nation has an impact on the home loan rate, particularly if the loan as a variable rate loan. Often the loan rate is tied to the prime interest rate plus a certain number of points. Of course, when the economy is slowing down, loans are somewhat harder to get and the qualifying process may be more stringent. When the economy is booming and loans are easy, more people can qualify to get a mortgage loan because the restrictions are less onerous. People are more willing to take a chance on a larger loan when they feel positive about the state of the economy.

Credit score

When applying for a new loan, the loan broker will almost always check the credit score before deciding what the home loan rate will be. The higher the credit score of the potential borrower, the better deal can be put together with the broker. Conversely, if the credit score is low or if there is little credit history, the loan is likely to cost more or require a higher percentage of the total as a cash down payment. Careful attention to making mortgage payments in full and on time will allow the borrower to create a new a better credit history so that a refinance later will have a better rate.

Loan Term

Theoretically a loan can be for any length of time, and this factor is one that many potential borrowers don't think about. They just assume the best home loan rate will be at a 30 year mortgage term. Even conventional loans can be taken for 15 years, 20 years or 25 years. Shorter term loans cost much less in interest over the term of the loan, so even at a higher monthly payment and the same interest rate, the shorter term loan is a better deal, with significantly less money paid in interest.

Balloon payment

Another common way to structure a mortgage loan that will affect the home loan rate is whether or not there is a balloon payment attached to the payment of the loan. Often a mortgage will be structured to run for two or three years with a very low interest rate at the end of which there is a balloon payment that is the balance of the loan. At the end of the initial period, often the rate will increase, or the monthly payment will jump. Sometimes the entire loan is refinanced at that point.

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